Archive for the ‘Ana Blog’ Category

Youth and Unemployment

November 23rd, 2012 by Ana García Muñoz

One of the most dramatic consequences of the current crisis is the increase in unemployment amongst young people.A situation that constitutes a serious problem throughout Europe but is specially troubling in Spain where the unemployment rate amongst the youth is more than 50 percent.

In Spain, is the result of economic policies based on austerity measures: cuts in public education, in R&D (Research and Development), budget cuts in the University system, increasing courses fees at high levels and a reform in our  labour market that clearly destroy jobs rather than create them.

Our goverment consideres these measures to be a necessary evil that citizens must suffer in order to emerge from the crisis.

In view of this catastrophic scena that our politicians have created, this alarming increase of unemployment is hardly surprising.The measures taken not only produce unemployment but also poverty, huge social inequality ,suffering and no hope for the future.

We are living in a time in which  the only important thing is the pursuit of money, above all, where the world of money is leading our lives  without social and human rights, and where, young people are victims of a runaway capitalism which allows this situation to arise.

As the sociologist Alain Touraine said : “Don´t talk about “recovery policies”  only about rigorous austerity.There are no new economic nor social alternatives.Nobody has a solution.”

Regarding young people, he also adds: ” They are not only confused, in fact, there are no clues, there is no way , there is no right,left ,forward, back..”.

Expressions such as “lost generation”  and NEETs( not in Employment,Education or Training) are used to describe the situation of young people. As far  as I´m concerned I don´t agree with these expressions; they don´t reflect what is really happpening.

Most young people cannot study as they don´t have enough money to do so and they cannot work because there are no jobs.

Beatriz Pérez is 27  years old and has a degree in Chemistry.She said- “We are not a lost generation, we are a forgotten generation.

She also  considered that politicians talk about the importance of training and the dropout problem but don´t give solutions.

She said “Who remembers that we young people have done everything that was espected of us? We have studied  Degrees, Másters, Languages…; How can you motivate future generations to grow if the ones who have been educated are called lost?”.

Pedro Martínez ,24 years old, has been wiyhout a job since to years ago. He has left his studies due to economic problems.He doesn´t like the expression NEET.He said ” I´m not a neet because I don´t have a job because of the circumnstances. I would like to have had more opportunities to finish my studies.

As a result,most of young people have been forced to emigrate to the North of Europe and beyond finding better  opportunities.In fact, new migratory flows from Southern Countries (basically Spain and Greece) to Nothern Countries are emerging.

A phenomenon that affects both qualified and  unqualified people.

But the problem goes far beyond youth  unemployment.In today´s dinamic economy with the rapid development of the labour market in many sctors (tecnological, organizational..) many young people with degrees ,but long term unemployment, are considered inadequated for the “new jobs” , so they can forced to work to make a living in low skilled jobs despite having a higher education.And for those that no have qualifications the result is expulsion from the system.

The general strikes that took place last 14 th of November reflected the outrage and unhappiness of people with the austerity measures.It´s inadmissible that  the German goverment wit their army of sevants,including Spaín´s goverment , adopted measures that lead only to destruction of countries. Measures that so far have been shown to be ineffective in finding an exit from the crisis.

Where are the éthic and morality in such measures? We cannot accept policies that only create high levels of unemployment, poverty, suicides..

In summary, policies which are built on people´s suffering.

So, What is the sense in these politics? there is none at this time.Politicies must be based on the  needs of people and not on specific interests of global speculation.

What does Europe want to do with Spain and with the rest of Southern European Countries?  What means Europe at this moment?  Are with on a path to disintegration?

The last strkikes wre more than justified ;people were only fifghting  for a decent  life and for their rights.




Los movimientos sociales del 25 de septiembre en Madrid

October 5th, 2012 by Ana García Muñoz

Las protestas sociales que han tenido lugar en ,el 25 de  septiembre,son un claro reflejo del malestar y deseperación de los ciudadanos ante unas medidas de austeridad y recortes donde las personas parecen no tener cabida en un contexto  en el que solo manda el mundo financiero.

Medidas que están conduciendo a países como España a un desastre económico sin salida y sin perspectivas de futuro.En  definitiva,un país vendido  a políticas europeas de reformas que lejos de invertir en educación, capital humano y una mejora del sistema productivo imponen un conjunto de recortes en salarios,condiciones de trabajo,servicios públicos esenciales, en ayuda a los más desfavorecidos y un largo etc..

En suma, una destrucción del Estado de Bienestar que viene a demostrar que o de la historia no se ha aprendido o no se quiere aprender. Economistas como Stiglitz o Krugmann  han alzado la voz de alarma contra estas políticas de austeridad que lo único que van a generar es más pobreza,desigualdades sociales y un estancamiento del crecimiento económico.Como muy bien señala Krugmann “un sufrimiento innecesario”.

En este punto es importante señalar que los movimientos sociales del 25 de septiembre han tenido un impulso pacífico,en contra del gobierno que ha intentado deslegitimar las reacciones de los ciudadanos ante la imposición de unas medidas que lo único que están consiguiendo es la destrucción de un país, dando a entender, que los ciudadnos que expresamos nuestras reivindicaciones  somos antipopulistas, atentamos contra Instituciones del Estado y somos antidemocráticos.Nada más lejos de la realidad,los españoles estamos en contra de toda acción política violenta ,lo único por lo que se lucha es por la búsqueda de una justicia social.

¿Es que la legitimidad se basa en conducir a los ciudadanos a una situación de precariedad extrema? Lo que realmente está ocurriendo es un atentado directo contra los derechos fundamentales de los ciudadanos.

Hablamos de crisis financiera pero, en realidad, deberíamos hablar de una crisis carente de todo valor ético y mora enmascarado bajo el nombre de” crisis financiera”.

Finalmente me gustaría hacer referencia a la filósofa Judith Butler, profesora de la Universidad de Berkeley, recientemente galardonada con el premio Adorno y destacar  entre sus múltiples reflexiones la siguiente,que considero muy en consonancia con el mundo actual en el que vivimos: “La lucha debe ser por una vida vivible.Una vida que se pueda vivir”

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    Skills in Europe

    Cedefop is launching a new SKILLS PANORAMA website, online on 1 December at 11.00 (CET).

    Skills Panorama, they say,  turns labour market data and information into useful, accurate and timely intelligence that helps policy-makers decide on skills and jobs in Europe.

    The new website will provide with a more comprehensive and user-friendly central access point for information and intelligence on skill needs in occupations and sectors across Europe. You can register for the launch at Register now at

    Talking about ‘European’ MOOCs

    The European EMMA project is launching a  webinar series. The first is on Tuesday 17 November 2015 from 14:00 – 15:00 CET.

    They say: “In this first webinar we will explore new trends in European MOOCs. Rosanna de Rosa, from UNINA, will present the philosophy and challenges behind the EMMA EU project and MOOC platform developed with the idea of accommodating diversity through multilingualism. Darco Jansen, from EADTU (European Association of Distance Teaching Universities), will talk about Europe’s response to MOOC opportunities. His presentation will highlight the main difference with the U.S. and discuss the consequences for didactical and pedagogical approaches regarding the different contexts.

    OER – update 2

    Open Education Europa has compiled and is releasing today as open data the analytical list of European Repositories of Open Educational Resources (OER).

    It includes:

    • European OER Portals and Repositories
    • Educational material repositories/directories
    • Larger Repositories rather than very specific ones
    • Focus on those who include Creative Commons license and on National/public OER repositories
    • Focus on material for teachers  (for the classroom/schools) rather than on higher education
    • Collaborative OER production initiatives (LeMill, RVP.CZ Portal,, KlasCement”)

    OER – update 1

    From the Universidad a Distancia de Madrid (UDIMA) – Madrid Open University – we are pleased to present the European Research Network of Open Educational Resources (ERNOER), a collaborative space in which more than fifty internationally educational institutions and prestigious universities are involved which can be accessed through the following link:

    The entire educational community can benefit in this web repository of more than three hundred image banks, two hundred fifty audio file repositories, two hundred and fifty video resources and more than three hundred programs and applications that can be used in education.

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